Textile Engineering Education
Textile Engineering is one of the most indispensable branches of engineering and the most essential part of our daily lives. To date, a wide variety of branches are being taught at home and abroad. Originally textile means to be simply weaving or fabrics but now it has been diversified into multi-disciplined areas. There is not a single sphere of life where textile is not being used. It is used in the medical sector, the civil construction sector, electronic sector, automobile sector, aeronautical sector and so on along with the clothing and apparel sector.
And this has been possible due to the enormous research and developments on different sides of textile engineering. In Bangladesh, textile engineering is the cream subject for study as it offers job opportunities full of benefits as compared to any other discipline. The textile engineering degree is being offered at BUTEX, KUET, DUET, MBSTU along with a lot of private universities in different cities of Bangladesh. On top of that, there are some (seven textile college so far updated on the BUTEX official website) affiliated textile colleges with BUTEX maintaining the same course curriculum and offering the same B.Sc. degree under BUTEX.
Textile Engineering Departments
There are 10 (ten) degree awarding departments at BUTEX as below-
- Yarn Engineering
- Fabric Engineering
- Wet Processing Engineering
- Apparel Engineering
- Textile Engineering Management
- Textile Fashion & Design
- Industrial & Production Engineering
- Textile Machinery Design & Maintenance
- Dyes & Chemicals Engineering
- Environmental Science & Engineering
Now let’s have a look into the departmental reviews, what are the objectives and job opportunities of these departments.
Textile Engineering Departmental Reviews:
This department is the very first department of textile engineering. Dealing with raw fibres from different sources like natural or man-made sources and converting them into yarn of various quality are the main functions of this department. So this department’s activities are dedicated to the fibres and manufacturing yarn from those fibres. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Yarn Production Executive,
- Yarn Quality Executive,
The Fabric Engineering department is designed to deal with different types of fabric constructions like weaving, knitting, non-weaving etc. from the yarn received from the previous department (yarn engineering). Producing and analyzing the fabric of required properties from the yarns is the motto of this department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Production Executive (Knitting),
- Production Executive (Denim Weaving),
- Production Executive (shirting weaving),
- Production Executive (sweater), and
- Fabric Technologist (Buying house).
The colouration (dyeing and printing) of textile materials especially fibres, yarns, or fabrics are the principal function of this department. So this department deals with the necessary pre and post-treatments of the colouration process. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Production Executive (Knit dyeing),
- Production Executive (woven dyeing),
- Production Executive (Yarn dyeing),
- Production Executive (AOP Printing),
- Production Executive (Finishing),
- Colour technologist (Buying House),
- Lab Executive.
This department is designed to teach about making clothing and fashion brands from different types of fabrics. Garment washing and garment dyeing are the two other most important branches of the apparel engineering department. A wide range of global fashion demands is being created by washing and garment dyeing. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Production Executive (Garment),
- Production Executive (washing-dry process),
- Production Executive (washing-wet process),
- Production Executive (Finishing),
- Garment Technologist (Buying House).
Covering the overall textile issues mentioned above is the primary motive of this department. This department is specially designed to ensure managerial skills along with the necessary technical skills of a textile engineer. Textile marketing, merchandising and HR positions are the most promising fields of this department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Marketing Executive (Yarn/Fabric/Dyes/Garment),
- Merchandising Executive (Knit/Woven/Denim/Sweater),
- HR Executive,
- Production Team Leader (Buying house),
- Project Management Executive,
- Planning Executive,
- Supply Chain Analyst.
This department has been launched to meet some essential requirements of the RMG industry. A few years back the garment industry was not well organized and there was no structured approach to measure productivity and reduce wastes. work-study, time study, workers’ capacity, factory capacity, line balancing, line layout, removing bottlenecking are the key functions of this department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Industrial Engineer,
- Maintenance Executive,
- Planning Executive.
Though Bangladesh RMG industry is earning a notable foreign currency every year and contributing to the national economy, most of the garment designers or fashion brand designers are hired from abroad especially from INDIA. As we have almost 5000 garment factories and all of these factories need textile designers. Because without designers, it is not possible to cut and make a single piece of garment. So dealing with the pattern or garment design is the primary function of the department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Fashion Designer,
- Sample Development Executive.
To design, develop and doing maintenance of the machinery used in the textile industry are the key objectives of this department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Machinery technologist,
- Maintenance Executive,
- Machine Marketing Executive.
Though we have a huge market of dyeing (yarn dyeing, fabric dyeing-knit and woven) we have no dyes and chemical processing plants rather have to import all the required dyes and chemicals. Keeping this necessity in mind, this department has been recently started its journey. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Lab Executive,
- Colour specialist,
- Executive (Dyes & chemicals synthesis)
The textile dyeing industry disposes of a huge amount of dyes and chemicals after use as effluents to the environment and consequently polluting the environment especially air and rivers drastically. To ensure a safe and sustainable environment is the primary motto of this department. Graduates from this department can start their job as-
- Executive (Water Treatment),
- Executive (Effluent Treatment).
N.B.: To date graduates from any department can join in any job in any sector and the course curriculum has been designed accordingly focusing largely on textile courses. For example, every department roughly has 164 credits to complete for the degree from which approximately 120 credits are textile-based and the rest are departmental specializations. Moreover, textile engineering graduates are also found in the diverse fields both in the public and private sectors.