To evaluate how something works under certain established methods or test standards. Textile testing is to check its properties under certain conditions in a standard environment prescribed as per Test standards.
Types of Testing?
Destructive testing: The testing which breaks the test specimen and goes as waste after testing is called destructive testing. For example, tensile test, compression test, bending test etc.
Nondestructive testing: The testing in which test materials do not go as waste after testing is called non-destructive testing method. For example, thermal and electrical conductivity testing.
– To check the quality and suitability of raw material;
– To monitor the production (process control);
– To assess the quality of final product;
– To investigate the faulty materials;
– To set standards or benchmarks;
– For R&D (research and development) purpose;
– For new product development.
Reference: A Practical Guide to Textile Testing by K. Amutha (Woodhead Publishing)