Types of Impurities Found in Raw Cotton

The types of impurity found in raw cotton are: 
  • Seed: this is the largest type of impurity found in raw cotton. It may consist of un-ginned seeds, with fibres still attached, ginned seeds or under-developed seeds and part of the seed.
  • Chaff: A collection of vegetable fragments, most of them consisting of leaf, bract, and stalk. A bract is a form of small leaf growing beneath the cotton ball. 
  • Dirt: Sand and soil which originates from the cotton field. 
  • Trash: The term trash is often applied to the combination of all the above impurities.


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